The shale gas process is described here in 9 key points: these point show with the evidence of scientific studies and 30 years of experience in USA that “shale gas as a safe technic” is a myth. Environmental and human problems posed by shale gas are increasing. These 9 points are the basis to calculate the need of water for shale gas, pollution of air with methane, and pollution of water with chemical products.
This explain the moratorium in France, and in the State of Victoria in Australia.
In order to clarify the debate on shale gas, 9 key issues are outlined below. Those key issues are generally unknown to the general public and yet, they come from official scientific studies and are recognized by the scientific community. Under each of those 9 key issues, scientific surveys pertaining to each issue are referenced:
Below are the links for more information on the various analyses of shale barrel costs : http://la-chronique-agora.com/subprime-petrole-schiste/
Below is an expert analysis, by,Nafeez Mosaddeq Ahmed http://www.monde-diplomatique.fr/2013/03/AHMED/48823#nb1
The price of a barrel can be checked at the following address: : http://prixdubaril.com/
Below is a document from the Gep – AFTP.com Group of professionals, who claim that the recovery rate cannot be higher than 20% even if massive fracturing is being used (see page 13):
Roland Vialy’s report claims that the quantities of gas collected are below 10%. This statistic was confirmed by M.Courme (ex-Director of Total Europe), during a conference organized by the French Rhône-Alpes region in 2011)
Report on orphan wells (abandoned after uneconomic operations) in Canada http://cmavi.org/non-au-gaz-de-schiste/fuites-de-gaz-lheritage-empoisonne-des-gazieres/
Dr. A Ingraffea’s report
Report by an engineer, M Durand
Report by experts themselves – the two most important files can be found in “Appendix_Mines-gas-de-schiste”
Report by the gep aftp Group on the classic cases of orphan wells:
Report on cluster multi-fractured wells:
http://www.mirova.com/Content/Documents/Mirova/publications/VF/Etudes/MIROVA_ET UDE%20-%20Gaz%20de%20schiste%20et%20autres%20gaz%20non%20conventionnels%20%20nouv elles%20ressources,%20nouveaux%20enjeux_L_Smia.pdf
This document describes the damaging impacts of fracking on the water table:
The world record for the longest horizontal well is held by Total, in Argentina: who can better that!
Report on the new giant wells: as much as 100 000 m3
Report on a technique using agar agar with enclosed computer graphics (?): after 3 years, the venture was an economic fiasco and led to the ruin of Indian farmers.
A document about heptafluoropropane can be found in the Appendix_Mines_Gaz-de- schiste
A document on “oilmen and trust” ( pétroliers et confiance) can be found with indication of source, on page 5, an “organic” product for clean HF can be found in Appendix_Mines_Gaz-de-schiste
And the latest study by Robert Howarth of Cornell University
http://www.eeb.cornell.edu/howarth/summaries_CH4.php , in English
2.C.6.9. in French – Starting from a one well: possible affected area of up to 900 m under the ground
A series of video can be watched, which focus on the Australian production of shale gas in coal layers. Gas leaks were found in a radius of more than a kilometer.
These 9 point above will be the basis
- of the critic of the Parlamentary Report 42, November 15th, 2015
- of the calculation of water needed, and pollution of air and water, in next section.
Reading the very numerous scientific studies enables us to conclude that the regions affected by shale gas production are being destroyed, without experiencing any of the promised benefits. The non-profitability of the investments ( in immediate deficit for as long as the barrel is below 70 dollars and it is necessary to renew many unproductive wells after 2 to 3 years ) makes it imperative to deploy more and more wells in a process which foretells of an inevitable financial crisis. ( Just to maintain production at the same level as the previous year , as many as 7500 new wells have to be drilled. )
- The solution is well known, and this solution is renewable energy, as a priority at the local level, but global at the same time and not to be relocated, adapted in small units sized according to the needs and situated nearby. But these solutions do not interest the big, multinational companies, which are dependent on large-scale profits and monopolization. Most big corporations are already interested in renewable energy on a large scale (future monopolies! ) while maintaining enormous profits with unconventional gas, thanks to subsidies, taxes and other indecent financial subterfuges.